A token board is a behavior change system that rewards positive behaviors with tokens, which a learner then exchanges for something highly reinforcing. The token board is a visual reminder of what they are working for, how many tokens they have earned, and how many more are needed before they reach their reinforcer.
WHEN TO USE
Token boards provide structure to the environment and are used to increase desired and positive behavior. Token boards can used with learners of all ages and adapted to meet the needs of the learner. Some
token boards may have three spaces, five or ten spaces to earn a token. A three-space token board would be a good starting point for a learner who is first learning table work and struggling with the demands. Token boards are typically used with tasks that are difficult for the learner.
HOW TO USE
1. Print and laminate the token board. Place the velcro on the spaces on the board (hard velcro) and behind the tokens (soft velcro).
2. Present or ask the student, "What would you like or What do you want to work for?" The options presented need to be reinforcing for the learner. Each learner will have different reinforcers. If a learner cannot process the language, provide a choice board of options. Place the picture of their chosen reinforcer on the designated spot on the token board.
3. Give them a token each time the learner engages in a desired behavior. Use specific praise when giving the token so the learner knows what was positive about their actions.
4. When introducing the token board, provide the tokens frequently, possibly for each demand. Once the learner understands the visual, gradually increase the time/requests between each token.
5. When the learner's token board is full, praise them for completing it. Show them that they filled their board and now earn their chosen reinforcer. Give the reinforcer to the learner immediately after filling up
6. If the reinforcer does not have a clear beginning and end, set a timer for the learner.